World human rights day.
Every man has certain rights over his family, work, government
and society for normal living, which are determined by mutual understanding and
rules. Under this, the Universal Human Rights Declaration was given official
recognition by the United Nations
General Assembly on 10 December 1948, in which some special rights have
been given to every human being by the Indian Constitution. Hence, Human Rights Day is observed every year
on 10 December.
means all those rights which are connected with the life, liberty, equality and
the dignity of the person. All these rights are described in Part-III of the Indian
Constitution as fundamental rights and enforceable by the courts, whose ‘Indian
Constitution’ not only guarantees but also punishes the court for violating
it. Although the Human Rights Act
was implemented in India from 28
September 1993 and the ‘National
Human Rights Commission’ was formed on
12 October 1993, but the UN General
Assembly recognized the declaration on 10
December 1948. But December 10 was fixed for Human Rights Day.
30 things to know about the Human Rights Act.
1. All people are free and equal in terms of dignity and
rights, that is, all human beings have innate freedom and equality in terms of
pride and rights. They have the gift of intelligence and conscience and should
treat each other with a sense of brotherhood.
2. Every person has been given all kinds of rights and freedoms without any
discrimination. There can be no discrimination on things like race, colour, sex,
language, religion, political or other ideas, nationality or social origin,
property, birth etc. Whether a country
or territory is independent, protected, or self-governing, or has finite
sovereignty, no difference will be made to the inhabitants of that country or
territory on the basis of its political, regional or international status.
3. Everyone has the right to life, freedom and security.
4. The right to freedom
from slavery or slavery, that
is, no person can be held in slavery or
slavery, slavery and trade will
be completely prohibited.
5. The right to
freedom from torture, torture, or cruelty means that no one can be
physically tortured and be made cruel, inhuman or degrading to anyone.
6. Right to equality in front of the law, that is, everyone has
the right to accept as a person everywhere in the eyes of the law.
7. Everyone has the right to equal protection before the
law, that is, all are equal in the eyes of the law and all are entitled to
equal legal protection without discrimination.
8. The right to knock the door of the court for justice in
its defence, that is, everyone has the right to seek the assistance of the
appropriate national courts if they are encroached upon by the Constitution or
the basic rights obtained by law.
9. The right to freedom from arbitrary arrest, detention or
deportation, that is, no one can be arbitrarily arrested, detained, or
10. The right to a fair public hearing through an
independent court means that everyone has the right to be just and publicly
neutral and impartial by their trial court in terms of their rights and duties, and in any matter of
11. The right to be innocent until the court convicts, that
is, every person who has been charged with a punishable offence, shall be
deemed to be innocent unless he is convicted in such open court by law. Proven
where he has all the necessary facilities for his cleaning.
12. The right to privacy in the home, family and correspondence,
ie no arbitrary interference with the privacy of a person, family, home, or correspondence,
nor should there be any objection to one’s honour and reputation. Everyone has
the right to legal protection against such interference or attacks.
13. The right to travel and travel in one’s own country, that
is, every person has the right to freely move, go and settle within the borders
of each country and leave any country he or she has left and returned to their
14.The right to seek political asylum in another country,
that is when a person is persecuted
Other countries have the right to seek refuge and live. But
this right will not be benefited in cases which are actually related to
non-political offences, or against the objectives and principles of the United
15. Right to nationality means that every person has the
right to citizenship of a particular nation. No one can be arbitrarily deprived
of the citizenship of his nation or denied a change of citizenship.
16. The right to marry and raise a family, and the right of
equality of man and woman after marriage, that is, the right of men and women
to marry and establish a family without any caste, nationality or religion
constraints. They have equal rights regarding marriage in marriage, and
17. The right to property means that every person has the
right to own property alone and with others. And no one can be arbitrarily
deprived of their property.
18. The right to
freedom of thought, conscience and the adoption of any religion means that
every person has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. To
change his religion or belief and alone or together with others and in public
or privately There is the freedom to manifest your religion or belief through
education, action, worship and practice.
19. The right to
express and acquire information, that is, every person has the right to
freedom of thought and expression. Without it, it involves intervening opinion
and through any medium and regardless of boundaries, it is the exploration,
acceptance and imparting of information and perception of someone.
20. The right to form
and organize an organization, that is, every person has the right to
freedom of holding a peace meeting or a committee. No one can be forced to
become a member of any organization.
21. The right to
participate in government-making activities and to elect a government, that
is, every person has an equal right to participate in the governance of his
country, directly or through freely elected representatives, to obtain
22. The right to
social security and the right to attain economic, social and cultural
rights, that is, every person as a member of society has the right to social
security and each person to the independent development and pride of his
personality – which is national Effort or international cooperation and is
compatible with the organization and resources of each state – is essentially
entitled to the necessary economic, social and cultural rights.
23. The right to
work, the right to equal pay for equal work and the right to join and form
a trade union, ie the choice of employment at will, the obtaining of fair and
convenient conditions of work, equal wages for equal work without any
discrimination. Have the right to form and to form and participate in working
24. Every person has
the right to rest and leisure, ie, a reasonable period of work and paid
holidays. This includes proper demarcation of hours of work and holidays
including periodic wages.
25. The right to live by oneself and family with good living
standards, including food, housing, clothing, medical care and social security.
26. Right to education means every person has the right to
In which primary education will be compulsory and free.
Education will develop mutual goodwill, tolerance and friendship among nations,
castes, or religious groups, and the efforts of the United Nations to maintain
peace will be carried forward.
27. The right to participate in cultural programs and the
protection of intellectual property, that is, every person has the right to
participate in the cultural life of a free society, enjoy the arts, and
participate in scientific advancement and its facilities. Apart from this,
every person has the right to protect the moral and economic interests arising
out of any scientific literary or artistic work of which he is the author.
28. Everyone has the right to achieve such social and
international order in which the rights
and freedoms mentioned in that declaration can be fully achieved.
29. Every person has a duty towards the same society in
which free and complete development of his personality is possible. Every
person exercising his rights and
freedoms shall be bound by the limits fixed by law, the sole purpose of
which is the recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others. These rights and freedoms will not
be used in any way against the principles and objectives of the United Nations.
30. Nothing contained in this Declaration should be
interpreted in such a way as to give the impression that a nation, person or
a faction may be involved in any activity that infringes on one’s freedom or rights.