Indian Penal Code 1860 Part – 1

Indian Penal Code 1860 Part – 1

Structure of the Indian Penal Code

The Indian Penal Code of 1860 is sub-divided into 23 chapters that comprise of 511 sections.

Chapter – 1 Introduction (Section 1-5)

Section. 1Title and extent of operation of the Code. 
Section. 2Punishment of offences committed within India. 
Section. 3Punishment of offences committed beyond but which by law may be tried within India. 
Section. 4Extension of Code to extra territorial offences. 
Section. 5Certain laws not to be affected by this act. 

Chapter – 2 General Explanations (Section  6 – 52A)

Section. 6Definitions in the Code to be Understood subject to exception. 
Section. 7Sense of expression once explained. 
Section. 8Gender. 
Section. 9Number. 
Section. 10Man, Woman. 
Section. 11Person. 
Section. 12Public. 
Section. 13Queen. 
Section. 14Servant of Government. 
Section. 15British India. 
Section. 16Government of India. 
Section. 17Government. 
Section. 18India. 
Section. 19Judge.. 
Section. 20Court of Justice. 
Section. 21Public Servant. 
Section. 22Movebale Property. 
Section. 23Wrongful Gain. 
Section. 24Dishonestly. 
Section. 25Fraudulently. 
Section. 26Reason to believe. 
Section. 27Property in possession of Wife, clerk or servant. 
Section. 28Counterfeit. 
Section. 29Document. 
Section. 29AElectronic record. 
Section. 30Valuable security. 
Section. 31A will. 
Section. 32Word referring to acts include illegal omissions. 
Section. 33Act Omission. 
Section. 34Acts done by several persons in furtherance of common intention. 
Section. 35When such an act is criminal by reason of its being done with a criminal knowledge or intention. 
Section. 36Effect caused partly by act and partly by omission. 
Section. 37Co operation by doing one of several acts constituting an offence. 
Section. 38Persons concerned in criminal act may be guilty or different offences. 
Section. 39Voluntarily. 
Section. 40Offence. 
Section. 41Special law. 
Section. 42Local law. 
Section. 43Illegal legally bound to do. 
Section. 44Injury. 
Section. 45Life. 
Section. 46Death. 
Section. 47Animal. 
Section. 48Vessel. 
Section. 49Year Month. 
Section. 50Section. 
Section. 51Oath. 
Section.52Good faith. 

Chapter – 3 Punishments (Section  53 – 75)

Section. 53Punishment. 
Section. 53AConstruction of reference to transportation. 
Section. 54Commutation of sentence of death. 
Section. 55Commutation of sentence of imprisonment for life. 
Section. 55ADefinition of appropriate Government. 
Section. 56Sentence of Europeans and Americans to penal servitude. 
Section. 57Fractions of terms of punishment. 
Section. 58Offenders sentenced to transportation how dealt with until transported. 
Section. 59Transportation instead of imprisonment. 
Section. 60Sentence may be (in certain cases of imprisonment) wholly or partly rigorous or simple. 
Section. 61Sentence of forfeiture of property. 
Section. 62Forfeiture of property in respect of offenders punishable with death transportation or imprisonment. 
Section. 63Amount of fine. 
Section. 64Sentence of imprisonment for non payment of fine. 
Section. 65Limit to imprisonment for non payment of fine, When imprisonment and fine awardable. 
Section. 66Description of imprisonment for non payment of fine. 
Section. 67Imprisonment for non payment of fine when offence punishable with fine only. 
Section. 68Imprisonment to terminate on payment of fine . 
Section. 69Termination of imprisonment on payment of proportional part of fine. 
Section. 70Fine levied within six years, or during imprisonment Death not to Discharge property from liability. 
Section. 71Limit of punishment of offence made up of several offences. 
Section. 72Punishment of person guilty of one of several offences the judgment stating that if is doubtful of which. 
Section. 73Solitary confinement. 
Section. 74Limit of solitary confinement. 
Section. 75Enhanced punishment for certain offences under Chapter 12 or Chapter 17 after previous conviction. 

Chapter – 4 General Exception (Section  76 – 106)

Section. 76Act done by a person bound or by mistake of fact believing himself bound by law. 
Section. 77Act of Judge when acting judicially. 
Section. 78Act done pursuant to the judgment or order of Court. 
Section. 79Act done by a person justified or by himself justified by law. 
Section. 80Accident in doing a lawful act. 
Section. 81Act likely to cause harm but done without criminal intent and to prevent other harm. 
Section. 82Act of a child under seven years of age. 
Section. 83Act of a child above seven and under twelve of immature understanding. 
Section. 84Act of a person of unsound mind. 
Section. 85Act of a person incapable of judgment by reason of intoxication caused against his will. 
Section. 86Offence requiring a particular intent of knowledge committed by one who is intoxicated. 
Section. 87Act not intended and not known to be likely to cause death or grievous hurt done by consent. 
Section. 88Act not intended to cause death done by consent in good faith for persons benefit. 
Section. 89Act done in good faith for benefit of child or insane person by or by consent or guardian. 
Section. 90Consent known to be given under fear or misconception . 
Section. 91Exclusion of acts which are offences independently of harm caused. 
Section. 92Act done in good faith for benefit of a person without consent. 
Section. 93Communication made in good faith. 
Section. 94Act to which a person is compelled by threats. 
Section. 95Act causing slight harm. 
Section. 96Things done in private defence . 
Section. 97Right of private defence of the body and of property. 
Section. 98Right of private defence against the act of a person of unsound mind etc. 
Section. 99Act against which there is no right of private defence. 
Section. 100When the right of private defence of the body extends to causing death. 
Section. 101When such right extends to causing any harm other than death. 
Section. 102Commencement and continuance of the right of private defence of the body. 
Section. 103When the right of private defence of property extends to causing death. 
Section. 104When such right extends to causing any harm other than death. 
Section. 105Commencement and continuance of the right of private defence of property. 
Section. 106Right of private defence against deadly assault when there is risk of harm to innocent person. 

Chapter – 5 Of Abetment (Section 107 – 120)

Section. 107Abetment of a thing. 
Section. 108Abettor. 
Section. 108AAbetment in India of offences outside India. 
Section. 109Punishment of abetment if the act abetted is committed in consequence and where no express provision is made for its punishment. 
Section. 110Punishment of abetment if person abetted does act with different intention from that of abettor. 
Section. 111Liability of abettor when one act abetted and different act done. 
Section. 112Abettor when liable to cumulative punishment for act abetted and for act done. 
Section. 113Liability of abettor for an effect caused by the act abetted different from that intended by the abettor. 
Section. 114Abettor present when offence is committed. 
Section. 115Abetment of offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life if offence not committed. 
Section. 116Abetment of offence punishable with imprisonment if offence be not committed. 
Section. 117Abetting commission of offence by the public or by more than ten persons. 
Section. 118Concealing design to commit offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life . 
Section. 119Public servant concealing design to commit offence which it is his duty to prevent. 
Section. 120Concealing design to commit offence punishable with imprisonment. 

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