Indian Penal Code 1860 Part – 1

Indian Penal Code 1860 Part – 1

Indian Penal Code - 1860

Structure of the Indian
Penal Code

The Indian Penal Code
of 1860 is sub-divided into 23 chapters that comprise of 511 sections.

Chapter – 1 Introduction (Section 1-5)

Section. 1

Title and extent of operation of the Code.


Section. 2

Punishment of offences committed within India.


Section. 3

Punishment of offences committed beyond but which by law may be tried
within India.


Section. 4

Extension of Code to extra territorial offences.


Section. 5

Certain laws not to be affected by this act.



Chapter – 2 General Explanations (Section  6 – 52A)

Section. 6

Definitions in the Code to be Understood subject to exception.


Section. 7

Sense of expression once explained.


Section. 8



Section. 9



Section. 10

Man, Woman.


Section. 11



Section. 12



Section. 13



Section. 14

Servant of Government.


Section. 15

British India.


Section. 16

Government of India.


Section. 17



Section. 18



Section. 19



Section. 20

Court of Justice.


Section. 21

Public Servant.


Section. 22

Movebale Property.


Section. 23

Wrongful Gain.


Section. 24



Section. 25



Section. 26

Reason to believe.


Section. 27

Property in possession of Wife, clerk or servant.


Section. 28



Section. 29



Section. 29A

Electronic record.


Section. 30

Valuable security.


Section. 31

A will.


Section. 32

Word referring to acts include illegal omissions.


Section. 33

Act Omission.


Section. 34

Acts done by several persons in furtherance of common intention.


Section. 35

When such an act is criminal by reason of its being done with a
criminal knowledge or intention.


Section. 36

Effect caused partly by act and partly by omission.


Section. 37

Co operation by doing one of several acts constituting an offence.


Section. 38

Persons concerned in criminal act may be guilty or different offences.


Section. 39



Section. 40



Section. 41

Special law.


Section. 42

Local law.


Section. 43

Illegal legally bound to do.


Section. 44



Section. 45



Section. 46



Section. 47



Section. 48



Section. 49

Year Month.


Section. 50



Section. 51




Good faith.






Chapter – 3 Punishments (Section 
53 – 75)

Section. 53



Section. 53A

Construction of reference to transportation.


Section. 54

Commutation of sentence of death.


Section. 55

Commutation of sentence of imprisonment for life.


Section. 55A

Definition of appropriate Government.


Section. 56

Sentence of Europeans and Americans to penal servitude.


Section. 57

Fractions of terms of punishment.


Section. 58

Offenders sentenced to transportation how dealt with until


Section. 59

Transportation instead of imprisonment.


Section. 60

Sentence may be (in certain cases of imprisonment) wholly or partly
rigorous or simple.


Section. 61

Sentence of forfeiture of property.


Section. 62

Forfeiture of property in respect of offenders punishable with death
transportation or imprisonment.


Section. 63

Amount of fine.


Section. 64

Sentence of imprisonment for non payment of fine.


Section. 65

Limit to imprisonment for non payment of fine, When imprisonment and
fine awardable.


Section. 66

Description of imprisonment for non payment of fine.


Section. 67

Imprisonment for non payment of fine when offence punishable with
fine only.


Section. 68

Imprisonment to terminate on payment of fine .


Section. 69

Termination of imprisonment on payment of proportional part of fine.


Section. 70

Fine levied within six years, or during imprisonment Death not to
Discharge property from liability.


Section. 71

Limit of punishment of offence made up of several offences.


Section. 72

Punishment of person guilty of one of several offences the judgment
stating that if is doubtful of which.


Section. 73

Solitary confinement.


Section. 74

Limit of solitary confinement.


Section. 75

Enhanced punishment for certain offences under Chapter 12 or Chapter
17 after previous conviction.



Chapter – 4 General Exception (Section  76 – 106)

Section. 76

Act done by a person bound or by mistake of fact believing himself
bound by law.


Section. 77

Act of Judge when acting judicially.


Section. 78

Act done pursuant to the judgment or order of Court.


Section. 79

Act done by a person justified or by himself justified by law.


Section. 80

Accident in doing a lawful act.


Section. 81

Act likely to cause harm but done without criminal intent and to
prevent other harm.


Section. 82

Act of a child under seven years of age.


Section. 83

Act of a child above seven and under twelve of immature understanding.


Section. 84

Act of a person of unsound mind.


Section. 85

Act of a person incapable of judgment by reason of intoxication
caused against his will.


Section. 86

Offence requiring a particular intent of knowledge committed by one
who is intoxicated.


Section. 87

Act not intended and not known to be likely to cause death or
grievous hurt done by consent.


Section. 88

Act not intended to cause death done by consent in good faith for
persons benefit.


Section. 89

Act done in good faith for benefit of child or insane person by or by
consent or guardian.


Section. 90

Consent known to be given under fear or misconception .


Section. 91

Exclusion of acts which are offences independently of harm caused.


Section. 92

Act done in good faith for benefit of a person without consent.


Section. 93

Communication made in good faith.


Section. 94

Act to which a person is compelled by threats.


Section. 95

Act causing slight harm.


Section. 96

Things done in private defence .


Section. 97

Right of private defence of the body and of property.


Section. 98

Right of private defence against the act of a person of unsound mind


Section. 99

Act against which there is no right of private defence.


Section. 100

When the right of private defence of the body extends to causing


Section. 101

When such right extends to causing any harm other than death.


Section. 102

Commencement and continuance of the right of private defence of the


Section. 103

When the right of private defence of property extends to causing


Section. 104

When such right extends to causing any harm other than death.


Section. 105

Commencement and continuance of the right of private defence of


Section. 106

Right of private defence against deadly assault when there is risk of
harm to innocent person.



Chapter – 5 Of Abetment (Section 107 – 120)

Section. 107

Abetment of a thing.


Section. 108



Section. 108A

Abetment in India of offences outside India.


Section. 109

Punishment of abetment if the act abetted is committed in consequence
and where no express provision is made for its punishment.


Section. 110

Punishment of abetment if person abetted does act with different
intention from that of abettor.


Section. 111

Liability of abettor when one act abetted and different act done.


Section. 112

Abettor when liable to cumulative punishment for act abetted and for
act done.


Section. 113

Liability of abettor for an effect caused by the act abetted
different from that intended by the abettor.


Section. 114

Abettor present when offence is committed.


Section. 115

Abetment of offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life if
offence not committed.


Section. 116

Abetment of offence punishable with imprisonment if offence be not


Section. 117

Abetting commission of offence by the public or by more than ten


Section. 118

Concealing design to commit offence punishable with death or
imprisonment for life .


Section. 119

Public servant concealing design to commit offence which it is his duty
to prevent.


Section. 120

Concealing design to commit offence punishable with imprisonment.


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